Localized IgG4-related disease manifested on the tongue: a case report

Keywords: IgG4-related disease, localized, oral lesion, tongue, differential diagnosis, histopathology, monoclonal antibody, Rituximab

Abstract

Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is an immune-mediated fibroinflammatory condition that can affect multiple organs. IgG4-RD may show a variety of initial symptoms. In the oral mucosa, lesions present as inflammatory fibrosis with a large number of IgG4-positive plasma cells. Evaluating treatment is a well-known problem in IgG4-RD due to the absence of an established assessment system. There are difficulties in defining the severity of the disease, which is why treatment is primarily based on its clinical manifestations.

We present a case report of localized IgG4-RD with ulcerative and proliferative manifestations on the tongue, which clinically mimicked oral squamous cell carcinoma. A tumor-like lesion on the tongue can indicate something else other than the malignant or reactive changes commonly found in the oral mucosa. Multiple differential diagnoses of these atypical oral lesions, including localized IgG4-RD, should be considered.

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Published
2021-05-11
How to Cite
Helya Hashemi, Thor, A., Hellbacher, E., Carlson, M., Gulyás, M., & Blomstrand, L. (2021). Localized IgG4-related disease manifested on the tongue: a case report. Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences, 126(1). https://doi.org/10.48101/ujms.v126.6118

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