Osteosarcoma of the Proximal Fibula. An analysis of 13 cases in the northern Japan
Osteosarcoma is the most common form of malignant bone tumor that occurs during childhood and adolescence. The proximal fibula is a relatively rare site for osteosarcoma. We reviewed 305 cases of osteosarcoma registered at the Tohoku Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (TMTS) between 1975 and 1999. Thirteen patients (4.3%) had their osteosarcomas localized in the proximal fibula. Conventional fibroblastic osteosarcoma accounted for 46% of the cases in this series. Limb-sparing surgery was performed in all 13 patients during initial surgery, and the peroneal nerve was preserved in 4 cases. These 4 cases developed local recurrences, but additional wide excision or radiation had a beneficial effect on the recurrences. In our series, the patients showed a 5-year survival rate 76 per cent. The postoperative function of the knee remained good despite various reattachment procedures of lateral co-lateral ligament. As well as resection of the proximal fibula, our results indicate that osteosarcoma of the proximal fibula has a good prognosis for cases who undergo adequate initial surgery.
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