Glucose-Induced Time-Dependent Potentiation of Insulin Release, but not Islet Blood Perfusion, in Anesthetized Rats
Background: Repeated administration of glucose in vivo leads to a time-dependent potentiation of insulin release. Glucose is also known to stimulate pancreatic islet blood flow, but whether this is associated with a time-dependent potentiation is unknown. We therefore repeatedly administered glucose to anesthetized rats and evaluated effects on insulin release and islet blood flow.
Methods: Male Wistar-Furth rats, anesthetized with thiobutabarbital, were injected intravenously with 1 ml of saline or glucose at times 0, 30 and 60 min. The combinations used were saline + saline + saline (SSS), glucose + saline + saline (GSS), saline + saline + glucose (SSG) and glucose + glucose + glucose (GGG). Regional organ blood flow values were measured 3 min after the final injection with a microsphere technique, and at this time also serum insulin concentrations were determined with ELISA.
Results: Serum insulin concentrations as well as total pancreatic, pancreatic islet and duodenal blood flow were higher in SSG and GGG-treated rats when compared to those given SSS and GSS. However, only insulin concentrations, not blood flow values, were higher in GGG rats when compared to SSG animals.
Conclusions: Glucose-induced time-dependent potentiation of insulin release occurs in vivo in thiobutabarbital-anesthetized rats, but is not associated with a further increase in islet blood flow.
Authors retain copyright of their work, with first publication rights granted to Upsala Mecical Society. Read the full Copyright- and Licensing Statement.