Short-term Outcome of Perinatal Care in a Swedish County
Improvements in obstetrical and neonatal care during the last decades have led to a marked increase in survival rate of preterm and term infants. In order to study the short- and long-term outcome in infants who survived neonatal intensive care (NIC) and were born in the county of Uppsala between January lst 1986 and April 30‘” 1989, a prospective long-term follow-up study was conducted. Epidemiological data on all infants born in the county during the study period and the shoitterm outcome, measured as overall neuromotor function at term and at 2, 4, 6 and 10 months of corrected age in 245 infants surviving NIC and 72 healthy control infants are presented. The infants’ neuromotor function was evaluated with different clinical neurological methods. In the study population of NIC infants 85.9% survived the neonatal period. The early infant mortality was high in this group 11.6% compared to that of all infants born in the county of Uppsala (0.30%). Only a minority of the infants showed abnormal neuromotor function. A comparison of the results of the overall evaluation of neuromotor function at 10 months of age with those of the examinations made at an earlier age showed poor correspondence in individual infants, especially in preterm and very preterm infants.
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