Visual Impairment of Open Angle Glaucomas at First Presentation and after a Five to Ten Year Follow-up
Of all patients attended to in a clinic during 1986, 441 had open angle glaucoma diagnosed during 1974-1986 on the basis of either a verified visual field defect, a glaucomatous disc, or a repeated intraocular pressure value of at least 35 mm Hg. At first presentation of recent cases 1984-1986 (N=128) 65 per cent were more than 70 years old. Capsular glaucomas were twice as common as simple glaucomas (low tension cases included). 62 per cent of capsular but only 26 per cent of simple glaucomas had an initial pressure of 35 mm Hg or more (p<O.OOl). One third of both capsular and simple glaucomas had an advanced visual field defect with breakthrough to the periphery in the worse eye already at first presentation. This was more common if the initial pressure was 35 mm Hg or more (pCO.05). better eye did not exceed 15 per cent. progression in early detected cases was only three per cent (p < 0.05). Visual field defects with breakthrough to the periphery already at first presentation progressed more often than circumscribed scotomas (p CO.02). Almost half remained unilateral cases, and the rate of severely impaired visual function in the While generally 30-50 per cent of glaucomatous field defects had progressed in five years, the
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